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Leg & Foot Conditions

Achilles Tendonitis
This is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon. This tendon connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. This condition is often a result of overuse amongst athletes, females who wear high heels or a malposition of the heel.

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Ankle Sprain
A result of the overextension of ligaments, which may have resulted from trauma, athletic injury or an unstable ankle.

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Arthritis
Is an inflammation of the joints. Symptoms include joint stiffness, pain or tenderness that persist for two weeks or more. The cartilage protecting the joint is eroding and pain is caused by bone rubbing against bone. Rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are the two most common forms of the disease; though many varieties exist.

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Athlete's Foot
A contagious fungal infection, recognizable by red, dry, cracked and itchy skin between the toes. May lead to more serious skin problems when left untreated.

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Bunion
A painful condition caused by misalignment or enlargement of the bone at the base of the big toe.  Although in some cases genetic it may be worsened by improperly fitting footwear.  Bunions may lead to other foot conditons such as joint arthritis if left untreated.

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Calluses
Thickened, irritated dead skin, usually found on the heel or ball of the foot. The skin can become ulcerated and infected in individuals with diabetes or poor circulation.

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Corn
A hard, painful area of thickened skin, usually covering a protruding bone or in between the toes. It is usually caused by friction and/or pressure.

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Flat Feet
Low or non-existent arches can lead to further disability with advancing age and inactivity.

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Fungal Nails
Fungus infections are the result of contact with microscopic fungi in the environment, especially in damp areas where people walk barefoot.  The nails become yellow, discolored and thickened.  May be painful and can easily spread to adjoining toenails and skin.

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Gout
An extremely painful inflammation of a joint, most often the great toe joint, usually caused by heredity.  

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Hammer Toe
A tightening of ligaments and tendons causing the toe joints to buckle, forcing the toe upward and leading to shoe abrasion, inflammation, bursitis, corns or calluses.

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Heel Pain (plantar fasciitis)
Irritation of the ligament situated along the bottom of the foot attaching to the heel. Usually causes pain upon walking in the morning. Prolonged inflammation can cause bone spurs to develop.

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Ingrown Toenail
Excessively curved nail that causes pain by growing into the skin. A chronic condition that can become infected.

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Metatarsalgia
Pain in the ball of the foot. In many cases, caused by excessive wearing of high-heeled shoes.

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Neuroma
Painful enlarged growths of nerves, usually between the third and fourth toe, causing burning, tingling or numbness.

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Neuropathy
Loss of sensation of pain, heat and cold in the feet. Frostbite is a common cause of this condition; neuropathy can lead to serious infection if left untreated.

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Seasmoiditis
Inflammation of bones underneath the base of the big toe.  May be caused by excessive physical activity and/or improperly fitting shoes.

 

Stress Fractures
Partial break of the metatarsals (the long bones of the foot), caused by repeated pounding or trauma. Pain intensifies as exercise continues.

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Subungual Hematoma
Blood beneath the nail, usually a result of injury or excessive physical activity. Possible indicator of toe fracture.

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Ulcer
Often seen as an indicator of circulation problems and/or diabetes.  Open sores or breaks in the skin.

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Warts
Virus causing abnormal growths on the skin.

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